Friday, December 19, 2014  
The Charger Bulletin

Prestigious Grants and Fellowships Presentation

by Katerina Sperl | October 10, 2012

On Tuesday, Oct. 2, UNH students met with faculty to discuss some of the country’s most prestigious opportunities for undergraduate students. Although at first intimidating, the meeting was both informational and exciting. Not only did students learn about some new ways to fund future research projects, but they also learned how to time manage while filling out applications.

UNH students met with faculty to discuss some of the country’s most prestigious opportunities for undergraduate students.

The Fulbright and Marshall scholarships are both very difficult, but rewarding. Fulbright gives undergraduates the opportunity to go to their selection of 155 countries and research something of their choosing. The more specific and creative the project is, the larger the chance of winning. Marshall allows for funded study of one or two years for any subject, at any institution in the UK to increase British-American understanding. While Fulbright has no GPA minimum, Marshall requires a 3.7. Their websites for more information are www.fulbright.state.gov and www.marshallscholarship.org, respectively. For the underrepresented students interested in studying abroad, the Gilman scholarship provides the opportunity.

Any science, engineering or mathematics majors interested? There are plenty of scholarships available as well! The NSFRAU supports science and engineering research during the summer. In this program, students at smaller universities work with graduate students at large schools, as well as hear speakers give advice on graduate school. They provide a stipend, housing and a food allowance. NASA supports work relating to their program; NIH provides summer internships in biomedical research; NIST also provides a program.

“How do you apply to these amazing opportunities?” you ask. Freshmen, know the world around you. Become culturally aware. At school, become more involved and make connections with your professors. Sophomores, take daunting classes that you have always wanted to take and really push yourself. Assume leadership and look into these internships. Juniors, here is where it gets serious! Maintain your GPA; consider joining an honor society. Prepare your résumé and take any standardized tests you may need to pursue a career in your field. Seniors, congratulations! Reap the rewards of your hard work! For further information, see www.newhaven.edu/fellowships.

 

Neil Armstrong: The Death of an American Hero

by Ana Abraham | September 5, 2012

As recently as 50 years ago, the idea of putting a man on the moon was viewed as—no pun intended—an astronomical impossibility.

The commander of NASA’s ship Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong, became the first person to set foot on the moon. And, on Aug. 25, 2012, Neil Armstrong passed away in Cincinnati.

In mid-1961, President John F. Kennedy announced a goal to see an American safely to the moon by the end of the decade, thus adding new pressure to the “Space Race” against the former Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Even after JFK’s assassination, his ambitious goal was realized on July 20, 1969. The commander of NASA’s ship Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong, became the first person to set foot on the moon.

And, on Aug. 25, 2012, Neil Armstrong passed away in Cincinnati.

“As long as there are history books,” NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said, “Neil Armstrong will be included in them.”

Armstrong is considered a legend of space exploration and an American hero. He was only 38 years old when the entire world watched him change history by taking the first steps outside of a spacecraft.

On July 20, 1969, Armstrong and fellow astronauts ‘Buzz’ Aldrin and Michael Collins landed on the moon after four days and 250,000 miles of space travel.

Armstrong and Aldrin spent over two hours on the surface of the moon, during which they placed an American flag and collected samples for analysis back on Earth. None of the three men returned to space after the Apollo 11 mission.

The USSR never did put a man on the moon. There have only been 12 people to set foot on the moon, all of them Americans from six separate Apollo missions between 1969 and 1972.

There have been 23 unmanned landings in the years since. In 2005, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) told National Geographic that they would like to return humans to the moon by 2018.

Neil Armstrong, the first member of an extremely exclusive group of legends, passed away at 82 years old due to “complications resulting from cardiovascular procedures,” according to his family.

He was a Korean War veteran and also a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest non-military award offered in the U.S, for his role in the Apollo 11 mission. Despite being hailed as a national hero, Armstrong was, by all accounts, a humble and modest man who preferred teaching and spending time with his family to interviews and fame.

Most are familiar with Armstrong’s famous quote uttered while walking on the surface of the moon, “That’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.”

Many media outlets and bloggers are calling his death “one giant loss for mankind.”

Both President Barack Obama and GOP nominee Mitt Romney agree with this claim. President Obama ordered all flags in the nation to be at half-mast Friday, Aug. 31, for Armstrong’s funeral.

In a press release, he also summed up the view of pretty much every news story and social network post in the nation by stating that Armstrong was one of “the greatest American heroes…of all time.”

 

 

The Monkey House: Money: The Final Frontier

by Cullen Mclane | April 25, 2012

Guess what everyone; America is poor. All of our money is down the toilet. This includes the North American Space Administration, better known as NASA. You know what this means? We lack the necessary funds for space adventures. Well, we still have some money for space adventures, but just not enough for real good ones. Instead of a Kellogg’s Froot Loops quality space adventure, we might get an America’s Choice Loops.

NASA once had grand plans for Martian exploration. But unfortunately it looks like we’ll have to wait a little longer before we can finally meet old Marvin the Martian. Budget problems have caused NASA to drop out of a partnership with the European Space Agency that would have involved a lovely little space trip in 2018 that would have been a crucial first step in bringing Mars rocks back to Earth, which most scientists (you know, guys with white coats) would say is essential to determining if any sort of life could have existed there. Unfortunately, we’re too poor.

NASA does still have intentions of journeying to the red planet. They just need a way to do it for cheap. I did see a guy on the side of road offering five dollar space rides that one time; perhaps he could help? Cheap and space travel are words that just don’t go together very well. It’s been argued that space travel isn’t all that important, the standard argument being that we need to fix things down here first. However, space is really, really astoundingly big, and they’re could be a lot of stuff out there, much of which could be helpful to us in the future. And we should have an exit plan in the event aliens try to destroy us to make room for a space bypass.

Super Fun Facts of the Week

by Emily Rodriguez | April 11, 2012

Monday – Thad Roberts, a NASA intern, spent seven years in federal prison after having sex on a bed full of stolen moon rocks.

Tuesday – Lack of sleep and hunger are the two most common causes of anger and mood swings.

Wednesday – Australia once engaged in an inter-species war with emus.

Thursday – “I never said she stole my money” has seven different meanings depending on the stressed word.

Friday – The muscles in our tongue, the tentacles in an octopus, and the trunk of an elephant are all structured the same way.

NASA NuSTAR Telescope Launch Postponed

by Ashley Johnson | March 28, 2012

NASA has postponed the launch of their new X-Ray telescope to allow more time to check issues with the rocket that boosts the telescope into orbit.

The space agency recently stated in a press release that the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) launch for the month of March would no longer go on as planned and would be launched on another date which would be released soon.

The telescope will be launched aboard the Pegasus XL rocket from the Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Island regions. Mission managers decided to delay the launch to double-check the flight software on the rocket which was having some complications.

NuSTAR is part of an explorer mission that will allow astronomers to study the universe using high energy X-Rays. It will be the first hard X-ray telescope to orbit the Earth and is expected to exceed the performance of the largest ground-based observations that have observed these regions of electromagnetic spectrums. NuSTAR will also be assisting and aiding in other astrophysics missions to explore the cosmos and the space spectrum.

By focusing on the higher energy X-Rays, NuSTAR will start to answer several fundamental questions including: How are black holes distributed through the cosmos, how were heavy elements forged in the explosions of massive stars, and what powers the most extreme active galaxies?

Some of NuSTAR’s primary objectives include but not limited to: conducting a census for black holes on all scales using wide-field surveys of extragalactic fields and the Galactic center, mapping radioactive material in young supernova remnants, studying the birth of the elements and to understand how stars explode, observing relativistic jets found  in the most extreme active galaxies, and to understand what powers giant cosmic accelerators.

NuSTAR will also be studying the origin of cosmic rays and the extreme physics surrounding collapsed stars while responding to targets of opportunity including supernovae and gamma-ray bursts.

NASA expects the telescope to be up and in orbit by the end of June if not sooner.

Large Asteroid Zipping Close to Earth

by Dante Vittone | November 16, 2011

Last Tuesday, an asteroid larger than an aircraft carrier darted between the Earth and moon. This was the closest encounter that such a large rock has had in 35 years. Scientists assured the public that they were 100 percent confident that the asteroid wouldn’t hit. Judging from the presence of this article in the Charger Bulletin, it’s safe to say that Earth was spared.

The asteroid, named 2005 YU55, was watched by ground antennas as it approached from the direction of the sun. The last time 2005 YU55 came this close was 200 years ago. Closest approach occurred at 6:28 p.m., Eastern Standard Time. The asteroid passed within 202,000 miles of Earth. For comparison, the Earth and moon are about 240,000 miles apart.

Jay Melosh, a professor of Earth and atmospheric sciences at Purdue University, says that the Earth and moon are safe – “this time.” If 2005 YU55 were to plow into Earth, it would blow out a crater four miles across, and 1,700 feet deep. This could cause a magnitude-7 earthquake, followed by a 70-foot-high tsunami.

The asteroid stretches a quarter-mile across. Nothing this large has ventured so close since 1976, and nothing this large will again until 2028. Astronomers consider 2005 YU55 a C-type asteroid. This type of asteroid contains carbon-based materials. “It’s not just a whirling rock like most of them,” says Don Yeomans, manager of NASA’s Near Earth Object Program. This type of asteroid is believed to have brought carbon-based materials and water to the early Earth, planting the seeds for life. If water-bearing minerals or ice were discovered on 2005 YU55, this would support that theory.

In the future, NASA says that it would like to send astronauts to an asteroid like this one. Any information gained from 2005 YU55, as well as other asteroids like it, will be used to figure out how to deflect an incoming Armageddon-style rock, should it become necessary in the future.

NASA Launches Latest Earth-Observing Satellite

by Dante Vittone | November 9, 2011

After being delayed for years on end, NASA’s newest Earth-observing satellite was launched into space, early on October 28.  The satellite’s mission is to improve weather forecasts and monitor climate change.

Shortly before 3:00 a.m. on Friday, the Delta 2 rocket was launched, lifting the satellite into orbit. After about an hour in the air, the satellite separated from the rocket and unfurled its solar panels. The final orbit of this satellite is 500 miles above Earth, far above the troposphere.

“It was a thrill to watch the bird go up this morning in the beautiful clear night sky with the stars out there,” said Mary Glackin, of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, after the launch. NASA had invited a small group of Twitter followers to watch the launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base, where the weather conditions were perfect for a launch. The sky was clear and there was little wind.

This small, SUV sized satellite is more advanced than its already orbiting brethren, and it carries instruments capable of making more precise readings and observations. Scientists say they cannot wait to use the satellites capabilities to better understand long-term climate shifts and extreme weather such as hurricanes. Mission project scientist Jim Gleason said he could not wait for the data to “start flowing.” The satellite will track changes in ozone, volcanic ash, wildfires, and even Arctic sea ice.

Many of NASA’s satellites are old and will need replacing soon. This satellite is meant to be a bridge between the aging fleet and NASA’s hopeful new generation, to be developed by NOAA. The government’s lack of funding for NASA has contributed to their programs’ problems and several developmental errors led to constant delays. This satellite is expected to orbit Earth for five years, and by then, NASA hopes to have its new weather fleet up and running.

NASA Books Flight in New Mexico

by Laura Pisano | October 26, 2011

While NASA’s space program has ended, they have booked their first flights using a spaceport in New Mexico. British billionaire, Richard Branson, owns what he hopes to be the first commercial space craft: Virgin Galactic. According to LA Times, Galactic has a confirmed order from NASA for one charter suborbital spaceflight so the space agency can conduct experiments. A potential $4.5 Million contract is in the works with NASA and charter flights.

Chief executive of Virgin Galactic, George Whitesides said, “We are excited to be working with NASA to provide the research community with this opportunity to carry out experiments in space. An enormous range of disciplines can benefit from access to space, but historically, such research opportunities have been rare and expensive.” The future goals for the Virgin Galactic include hopes of the first passenger flights sometime next year. Tourist costs of the flights are estimated to be around $200,000 according to LA Times.

The first NASA contracted flight will be leaving in southern New Mexico, in Albuquerque. The NASA filled space ship will be attached to a carrier aircraft when launched. The ship will then detach after it has reached a certain distance. The Associated Press said that more than 450 people have purchased tickets to fly with Virgin Galactic. Richard Branson said, “We want to be sure we’ve really tested the craft through and through before turning it over to the astronauts who bought tickets to go up,” he said. “If it takes a bit longer, we’ll take a little bit longer.”

Eventually, after receiving a license from the Federal Aviation Administration, commercial service will start. This commercial space craft flyer would be the first ever. It was designed with environment in mind too; the shuttle uses geothermal energy. Hopefully, after the first flight with NASA, the Virgin Galactic will be able to continue contracts with NASA, and move into commercial and tourism flights.

Did You Know? – NASA – Part 1

by Joann Wolwowicz | October 19, 2011

This summer, Americans were able to witness the ending of an era. After 30 years of discovery, the final space shuttle mission ended on July 21, 2011 when the space shuttle Atlantis landed for the final time at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. With the end of the Space Shuttle Program, it seems only fair to look back into the history of this amazing program that had its first launch on April 12, 1981 and has proved to be a program of achievement and records.

 

NASA or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration was established in 1958 as an independent United States government agency. Its purpose was for the research and development of vehicles and activities for the exploration of space. These goals extended to both the space within and outside of Earth’s atmosphere. NASA was created largely in response to the Soviet launching of Sputnik in 1957. The organization was well underway by the early years of the Kennedy administration. President John F. Kennedy even proposed that the United States would put a man on the moon by the end of the 1960’s.

 

NASA is composed of five programs. The first program, Aeronautics and Space Technology, was established for the development of equipment. The second program was labeled Space Science and Applications, and its purpose was to deal with programs for understanding the origin, structure, and evolution of the universe, the solar system, and the Earth. Space Flight was the program concerned with manned and unmanned space transportation and all matters to do with the space shuttles. Space Tracking and Data involved tracking and data acquisition. Lastly, the Space Station was the program which had a long-term goal of establishing a manned space station. Additionally, after Kennedy proposed his goal for the American Space Program, the Apollo program was designed. In 1969, U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first man on the Moon.

 

However, Armstrong’s mission was not the initial U.S. effort to launch a human into space. The first project was known as Project Mercury. NASA engineers, led by Robert Gilruth and Maxime Faget, designed a small cone-shaped capsule for the mission. NASA planned several suborbital test flights in which an astronaut would be in space for only a few minutes of his 15-minute up-and-down ride. Only after the Mercury equipment was checked and the effects of suborbital flight on the human body were measured would the United States commit to an orbital flight attempt. The Mercury capsule would parachute with its passenger all the way back to Earth’s surface, to land in the ocean and be recovered by navy ships. John H. Glenn, Jr., became the first American astronaut to orbit Earth in his three-orbit mission on February 20, 1962.

 

On July 16, 1969, astronauts Armstrong, Aldrin, and Michael Collins set off on the Apollo 11 mission, the first lunar landing attempt. The Lunar Module, nicknamed Eagle, landed on a flat lava plain called the Sea of Tranquility at 4:18 p.m. U.S. Eastern Daylight Time on July 20. The successful Apollo 12 mission followed in November 1969. However, the Apollo 13 mission, launched in April 1970, experienced an explosion of an oxygen tank. Thankfully, the crew survived this accident. Four more Apollo missions followed. The final mission, Apollo 17, which was conducted in December 1972, included geologist Harrison Schmitt, the only trained scientist to set foot on the Moon. An Apollo spacecraft was used for the last time in 1975.

 

The United States had won the race to the Moon, but that many believe that the race had been motivated primarily by political considerations. Consequentially, after the early 1970s, there was no interest within the U.S. government for the next three decades in additional lunar exploration or in sending people to Mars.

 

Stay tuned next week for Did You Know – NASA – Part 2.

Coming Soon – Most Powerful NASA Rocket

by Dante Vittone | September 28, 2011

It appears that NASA is far from defunct. While the funding for NASA’s engineers has ceased, plenty of designs and concepts were created before the government cut the budget. This means that NASA will continue into the future, and their rocketry program is no exception.

The Space Launch System is the name given to the multibillion-dollar program for the new rockets. According to NASA’s exploration and operation’s chief, William Gerstenmaier, these new rockets will be the “largest, most powerful rockets built”. It will give NASA the ability to go beyond the Earth-Moon system: to asteroids and even to Mars.

The smallest prototype of the rocket will be ten percent more powerful than the booster that sent astronauts to the moon. In reality, when finalized, the rocket will be approximately 20 more powerful, said Gerstenmaier. NASA hopes to be testing these rockets by 2017, the first crew flying in 2021, and sending astronauts to an asteroid in 2025. By the 2030s, they hope to have astronauts orbiting Mars.

The rockets will have the capability of carrying 77 to 110 tons into space. This includes a multi-purpose space vehicle for the crew, and more. Eventually, NASA is hoping to be able to carry 143 to 165 tons into space. To compare, Saturn V, the booster that took men to the moon back in the 1960s was able to lift 130 tons. Recent space shuttles have been much lighter in the attempt to reduce costs, with the average shuttle having a lift capability of about 27 tons.

While the estimated costs of this program is in the billions, which NASA nor the government has, NASA hopes to solve this issue by renting spaces for astronauts in the shuttles to the International Space Station – kind of like a giant taxi service. This program will further drain NASA’s already quickly dwindling funds, but for the sake of space exploration, it may just be a good investment.

The views and opinions expressed on this website and within the articles printed in The Charger Bulletin are solely those of the author or reporter. The Charger Bulletin, its staff, editors, and advisors do not take any positions on specific issues, topics, or opinions, and no articles written express the opinion of The Charger Bulletin or the University of New Haven. All links leading to external sites are unaffiliated with The Charger Bulletin and/or the University of New Haven, and are only provided for ease of accessibility. Special thanks to web2feel. Some copyrights © 2009-2079 by Zack Rosen. All rights reserved.